Sunday, November 19, 2017

An article on Yemen and not a mention of Iran's involvement...journalists on Iran's payroll?

Yemen: Finding near-famine - and lots of food

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Food in market in Taiz
Image captionFruit for sale in a market-place - but few can afford to buy it
How do you explain a famine in a country where there's food?
A couple of years ago I was in Ethiopia, reporting on the threat of famine, in the same place where BBC correspondent Michael Buerk covered the "biblical" famine in 1985. 
Those famines, or so-called "parched-earth" famines, sort of make sense. If food doesn't grow because, say the rains have failed, then people starve. 
I was in Kenya in 2011, covering a parched-earth famine there too. Catastrophe was compounded by war in both cases - conflict with separatist guerrillas in 1980s Ethiopia and with al-Shabab Islamists more recently in Kenya - but the bottom line was food wasn't growing. 
This is different. Welcome to Yemen in 2017. The UN estimates seven million people are facing famine in the Arab world's poorest nation - yet there's no parched earth. 
In the frontline city of Taiz, under siege from Houthi rebels for two-and-a-half years, a stroll around one of the local markets reveals abundance. Huge pomegranates and oranges, fresh garlic, bananas, courgettes and tangerines. 
There are supermarkets full of produce too - fresh meat, eggs, steaks and ribs. So how on earth can this country be starving? It makes no sense. 

Soaring prices

I was shown around one of the markets in Taiz by a man I'd met the day before. Sami Abdul Hadi, 55, saw our team filming outside one hospital. 
He introduced himself to us and said we had to make sure our report included the real crime about the conflict in Yemen: people are starving, he said, yet there's plenty of food to go round. So we agreed to meet the next day.
Clive Myrie (left) and Sami Abdul Hadi
"Look at these fruits," Sami told me, gesturing to a particularly healthy looking pile of oranges.
"Before the war, they were 300 Yemeni rials ($1.2; £0.90), now they're 600. No-one can afford the food here," he said, with a sigh of resignation and a shake of his head. 
View of Taiz
Image captionTaiz, Yemen's second city, has been besieged by rebels since 2015
Sami himself couldn't afford the food on display in front of him. A former insurance salesman, he'd been out of work since 2009 and relied on handouts from the World Food Programme.
Finding decent paying jobs, any job in Yemen, is pretty near impossible, in the middle of the war.

Under blockade

As I was talking to Sami, a group of people began to cluster around us. 
A man in his 80s said he couldn't get the medicine he needed for his diabetes. Another man lamented the shortage of petrol and fuel. While one man said he hadn't been paid for weeks because of the war. 
Media captionThe BBC's Clive Myrie reports from one hospital on the brink of running out of fuel
Yemen is cursed by man. Its tragedy isn't a failure in nature, but a failure of politics. It's experiencing a political famine. 
Before the war 90% of Yemen's food was imported anyway. The prosperity of the nation, and its people, depended on fully functioning seaports, an uncluttered road network and open airspace. 
Media captionInside Yemen's industrial-scale prosthetic limb factory
The current conflict means these three things are under strain. Saudi Arabia, which is leading a coalition fighting the Houthis in Yemen, can close the ports at will, making it difficult for food and aid shipments - upon which 21 million people now rely - to get into the country. 
That's exactly what the kingdom did on 4 November, after rebels here fired a rocket, at Riyadh International Airport, across the border. 
The aid agencies now fear that unless all the ports fully reopen soon, warehouse stocks will run out in the next few months. 


Yemen's road network is a mess. Some highways and bridges have been destroyed in the war, and convoys of food have to run the gauntlet of rebels, who've been known to hold up lorries, and only send them on to areas sympathetic to their cause. 
Map showing who controls territory in Yemen
Lorry drivers also have to worry about routes, that cross-cross territory controlled by al-Qaeda.
All this is what makes Yemen's "famine" manmade and political.
Media captionAcross Yemen three million people have had to flee their homes
Sami Abdul Hadi, like millions of Yemenis, just cannot quite understand how he got into this mess.
He was educated at the University of Cairo. He has a degree in political science and he speaks good English. Living off handouts from the UN isn't what he expected in his life. 
But then, how do you plan for a war that's killed or wounded more than 12,000 people, displaced more than three million, and beggared a nation?

When the court said us from the Democrats dream of a benevolent dictator....

This from a column by Clarice Feldman here exemplified the Democrats unending dream of a benevolent dictator to make us mind our "P's and "Q's".

Probably the most important development this week is the effective end of the CFPB (Consumer Financial Protection Bureau), a power grab by Democrats led by Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren, which gives a single director who can only be fired for cause by the president (a structure designed to operate outside Congressional or executive control) power to regulate mortgages, credit cards, and retirement and pension investments -- in sum, all consumer financial transactions. Warren originally wanted to run this outfit, but when it was clear she’d never get Congressional approval, Richard Cordray became the one-man credit czar. Last October the Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit ruled that placing so much power in a single commissioner not answerable to the president was unconstitutional.

The Obama Administration sought en banc review by the entire Circuit Court Panel.  In March, the new administration reversed the government’s position. The entire panel heard the case in May. While the decision in that case is still pending, Cordray this week resigned, and the president appointed in his place OMB chief Mike Mulvaney as interim head. Mulvaney strongly opposed the creation of this bureau. The President thus has now put in place someone who can be counted on to undo the Democrats’ machinations to control all our financial transactions by the fiat of a single man. By their own hands, they created a situation they are powerless to undo -- just as by tarring Judge Moore with suspect accusations they open themselves to the same treatment. 

EXCLUSIVE: Obama Rarely Prosecuted Criminals Who Sought To Buy Guns Illegally. Another broken gov't operation

Posted By Richard Pollock On 9:05 PM 11/15/2017 
More than 100,000 convicted felons or other “prohibited persons” tried to buy guns each year during President Barack Obama’s administration by lying on their applications, but the Justice Department only considered prosecuting about 30 to 40 people each year, according to a Daily Caller News Foundation investigation.
The Obama administration may have publicly aligned itself with anti-gun activists, but it consistently turned a blind eye to prosecute known criminals who tried to buy guns.
A June 2016 Justice Department Inspector General’s report revealed that between 2008 and 2015 the U.S. Attorneys office considered prosecuting “less than 32 people per year” for lying on form 4473, the federal application to buy guns.
Surprisingly, the Obama administration’s harshest critics are gun manufacturers themselves.
“People could do what is called, ‘lie and buy,'” explained Lawrence Keane, a senior vice president of the National Shooting Sports Foundation, a nonprofit organization that represents gun manufacturers.
“But very infrequently is anyone ever prosecuted. What’s the point of making it a crime if you don’t enforce it?” he asked in an interview with TheDCNF.
“It’s a long-standing problem. And it was certainly true over the last eight years where the Department of Justice did not prosecute people,” he complained.
Daniel D. Roberts, who in 2009 was named Assistant Director of the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services Division, confirmed that more than 100,000 criminals each year attempt to buy guns even though they have rap sheets.
“When I was there, it was running around 100,000 a year of firearm purchasers that tried to go through to buy guns. I think it’s more than 100,000 now,” he told TheDCNF in an interview. “That should trigger a referral to the Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) for investigation for lying on the forms.”
Two of every 10 gun denials referred to the ATF was sent to field offices for prosecution, a Justice Department report by the Bureau of Justice Statistics in 2013 and 2014  found. Eight of ten never faced prosecution, according to the report.
Roberts ran the FBI’s National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) checks, that is the main tool the bureau uses to conduct background checks of potential buyers of guns. He left the bureau only last year.
Dave Workman, a senior editor of the, a publication owned by the pro-gun rights Second Amendment Foundation, claims the Obama administration simply didn’t want to spend the money to prosecute people who lied on their form 4473.
“The Justice Department didn’t want to spend the money or interest or time to prosecute the key people who lied on their 4473,” he told TheDCNF in an interview.
The Inspector General’s report bears out Workman’s observation, stating prosecuting those who lied on their applications was “not the best use of Department resources.”
Prosecutors “hold the view that prosecuting subjects for false statements on a firearm application absent other aggravating circumstances may not be the best use of Department resources,” The Executive Office of U.S. Attorney said.
Keane said, however, the decision eliminated a deterrent effect. “It has a deterrent effect to others that there are consequences engaging in that conduct,” he told TheDCNF.
The Justice Department’s passivity seemed to go against the Obama administration’s public image of being tough on those who lied to buy guns, Workman added.
“It was unusual for an administration that was so ideological on gun control to not go after these guys when they essentially had been caught red-handed,” he said. “That I find a little bit disturbing.”
Even the pro-gun control advocacy group “Everytown For Gun Safety” lamented the lack of Obama prosecutions.
“It is a federal crime for felons and other prohibited gun purchasers to attempt to buy a gun. The (U.S.) Department of Justice, however, has not been prosecuting people who fail background checks at licensed gun dealers,” the group stated on its website.
Similarly, Avery Gardiner, the co-president of the Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence told TheDCNF those who lie on their background check applications should be prosecuted.
“They’re subverting decades-old federal law that keeps guns out of the hands of dangerous people,” he told TheDCNF in an email.
“At Brady, we’d like to see the Department of Justice encourage its prosecutors to pursue these criminal acts,” Gardiner said.
Gun control activists may also be surprised that the denial rate for gun applications plummeted during the Obama administration, from 17.2 denials per thousand in 1999 to only 5.5 denials per thousand in 2014, according to a June 2016 Justice Department report by the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Under federal law there are ten categories of “prohibited persons” who are specifically barred from ever purchasing a gun, according to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms.
Prohibited persons include convicted felons, drug addicts, those committed to a mental institution, people dishonorably discharged, someone who has a restraining order or an individual who has stalked people or have been convicted of domestic violence against women.
The issue isn’t an academic one. Devin Patrick Kelley, 26, opened fire on parishioners at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, and killed 26 people and wounded 20 others. Kelley met at least three specific conditions that should have denied him a gun.
Kelley in 2012 fled the Peak Behavioral Health Services hospital in New Mexico where he was sent for a serious mental illness condition after being court-martialed by the Air Force on charges of assaulting his wife and child. Kelley also stalked two teenage girls. Finally, he pled guilty to the charges, spent a year in military prison, and was given a bad conduct discharge.
Yet, he presumably withheld all of this information on his gun application. He was able to buy four guns between 2013 to 2017 in Colorado Springs, Colo., and San Antonio, Texas.
A scathing September 2016 Justice Department Inspector General’s report found prosecutions of criminals who sought guns under the Obama administration were “extremely low.”
After the Sandy Hook elementary school killing, Obama issued a report in January 2013 titled “Now is the Time: The President’s Plan to Protect our Children and our Communities by Reducing Gun Violence.”
“The Attorney General would ask U.S. Attorneys to consider whether additional efforts would be appropriate in areas such as the prosecution of felons who illegally seek to obtain a firearm, and persons who attempt to evade the NICS system by providing false information,” one part of the plan stated.
But the Inspector General’s Office found that “there was no significant change in the number of NICS cases pursued for prosecution [after] the President’s January 2013 plan to reduce gun violence.”
The number of prosecutions “remained extremely low” since former Attorney General Eric Holder unveiled his “Smart on Crime” initiative in August 2013, the report found.
“Significant number of prosecutions remained extremely low,” the Inspector General’s Office concluded.
Prohibited people who lie on their gun applications or actually obtain guns under false pretenses are routinely referred to the Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agency. ATF prosecutions dropped precipitously under the Obama administration.
“The percentage of cases referred by ATF that were accepted for consideration of prosecution also has decreased,” according to the report.
U.S. Attorneys “accepted 80 percent of ATF field division referrals for consideration of prosecution in calendar years 2002 and 2003, 60 percent in FY 2008, and 38 percent in FY 2013,” the report added.
Keane calls the current background check program “broken.”
“The system we have is broken and needs to be fixed. What’s the point of extending background check when the system doesn’t work now?” he asked.
Stephen J. Morris, another former assistant director of the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services Division, who served in the bureau for 28 years said in an interview he also thinks the overall system of reporting background checks lacks accountability and is broken.
“There are a lot of laws that have been passed that mandate that records be submitted to the NICS at the FBI,” Morris said. “But in the end of the day, if there’s no accountability, if there’s no consequences for not entering the data, then the system is broken at that point.”

Are we living through Kabuki theater? REPORT: Mitch McConnell Camp Planted Roy Moore Story To Help Clear Path For Trump Impeachment Attempt In 2018

REPORT: Mitch McConnell Camp Planted Roy Moore Story To Help Clear Path For Trump Impeachment Attempt In 2018

What a disgusting cesspool of self-serving corruption is the nation’s capital and no better example of that can be found today than Senate Majority Leader, Mitch McConnell who, according to  longtime political activist, Ned Ryun, was a primary source of the anti-Roy Moore stories that are now attempting to sway the upcoming Alabama special election and help clear the path for a Trump impeachment attempt in 2018.


“…I strongly suspect it’s a very short list of people, all who are associated with Mitch McConnell – whether it’s Josh Holmes, whether it’s Karl Rove, might even be Steven Law – I don’t know, but I strongly, strongly suspect somebody out of the McConnell camp planted the story. It was planted. This came with the blessing of Mitch McConnell at some point, that he was going to take a political shot at Roy Moore.”
According to whispers, it wasn’t just taking “political shot” at Moore that motivating the McConnell camp. They want Roy Moore out of the way and replaced with someone of McConnell’s choosing, or even Moore’s Democrat opponent, Doug Jones, a man whose career is linked to the Bill Clinton administration. Moore would be a vehement defender of POTUS Trump and his policies. If McConnell is to succeed in laying the groundwork for an impeachment trial and vote in the Senate, he will need fewer senators like Roy Moore to contend with.

McConnell is said to know actual impeachment proceedings remain a distant possibility, (the Paul Ryan-led House would first have to vote to impeach) but he is more determined than ever to be ready should that opportunity present itself. For those who might scoff at the notion of a Republican Congress actually pursuing articles of impeachment against Donald Trump, simply recall the failed votes to repeal and replace Obamacare, the ongoing troubles to pass tax cuts, and the number of Republican senators who continue to openly speak out against the President.
The motivation to go after Trump is there. What is left is a simple matter of numbers. Getting rid of a Roy Moore and replacing him with a an anti-Trump senator would give McConnell that much more leverage to make his dreams of eliminating Trump a reality.

Slogans are so much easier to learn then history: Liberal SJWs protest ‘Nazi’ Ben Shapiro but are completely clueless when asked one simple question

Liberal SJWs protest ‘Nazi’ Ben Shapiro but are completely clueless when asked one simple question

Last Monday, conservative commentator Ben Shapiro gave a speech about fascism and the breakdown of free speech on college campuses nationwide. And to no surprise, there were hundreds of protesters there to speak out against Shapiro. But many of them, it was discovered, didn’t really know why they were protesting.

What happened?

Several hundred protesters gathered on the UCLA campus this week to protest Shapiro’s speech. Right-wing journalist Austen Fletcher, who goes by the name “Fleccas,” interviewed various students, both Shapiro supporters and the protesters, to see why they were there.
Ironically, the Shapiro protesters failed to state a legitimate criticism of Shapiro.

What did they say?

The protesters chanted things like: “Nazi’s go home,” “It isn’t a debate when you’re just spreading hate” and “Right-wing bigots go away!”
But when asked by Fleccas directly what things they don’t like about Shapiro, many shut down and turned away.
“Uh, pretty much everything I’ve heard him say,” said one protester without naming anything specific.
“In my research I’ve looked at more of [Shapiro’s] bigoted things, I don’t know what his other policies are…” added another protester. A counter-protester then confronted that student, who turned and walked away when presented with facts.
Another student said: “Ben Shapiro incites hate speech. He does not incite free speech.”
The students also chanted “f**k Donald Trump.” One counter-protester noted the absurdity of the protesters by explaining that Shapiro didn’t even vote for Trump.
When another student was confronted on how Trump and Shapiro — again, Shapiro didn’t support Trump — are fascists, the student just walked away.
One kid, a Shapiro supporter, put it best: “I saw a guy with a sign that said ‘f**k Nazis’…Ben Shapiro is Jewish.”

Watch the video:

Africa: current ruling dynasties.

After the Mugabes, which African dynasties remain?

  • 19 November 2017
  • From the section Africa
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Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe (L) and his wife Grace (R) greet supporters after his address at a rally in Harare on July 28, 2013, ahead of elections on July 31.Image copyrightAFP
With Robert Mugabe's hopes of handing power to his wife in Zimbabwe over, which political dynasties are still going strong elsewhere in Africa?
Since the 1990s, multi-party elections and peaceful transfers of power have become far more common on the continent but quite a few current leaders have succeeded their fathers, or are planning to hand power to their sons. (Daughters seem to be less favoured.)
Some dynasties have established themselves through assassinations, coups, and rebellions, while in Zimbabwe's neighbour, South Africa, President Jacob Zuma is hoping to hand power to his ex-wife in the coming years.
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Togo: Oldest dynasty

Abdou Razak (C) of Togo demonstrates with others against President Faure Gnassingbé in Dag Hammarskjold Plaza outside the UN in New York on September19, 2017Image copyrightAFP
Image captionMost Togolese have lived under only one family's rule
A former French colony, it has been ruled by the Eyadema family for the last 50 years, making it the dynasty that has been in power for the longest period. 
And of all the governments currently in power in Africa, it is under the greatest threat of being overthrown in a mass uprising. Crowds of up to 800,000 have repeatedly taken to the streets since August, demanding an end to dynastic rule in the country of 6.6 million. 
Protesters accuse the government of tinkering with the constitution so that President Faure Gnassingbé can remain in power until 2030. The government denies this, insisting that it will introduce a two-term presidential limit ahead of elections in 2020.
With the backing of the military, Mr Gnassingbé became president in 2005 after the unexpected death of his father, Gnassingbé Eyadema, at the age of 69. Later, he won two elections, which were denounced by the opposition as a sham. 
Faure has shared, or has tried to share, the spoils of power with his family. He appointed his half-brother, Kpatcha, to the all-important post of defence minster after taking office. 
However, the two fell-out, and Kpatcha was sacked as defence minister in 2007. 
A supporter of Togolese incumbent President Faure Gnassingbe, son of the late veteran dictator Gnassingbe Eyadema, and candidate of the ruling Togolese People's Rally (RPT) celebrates on March 7, 2010 in Lome after their candidate, Faure Gnassigbe was re-elected on March 6, 2010Image copyrightAFP
Image captionVoters have returned President Faure Gnassingbé to power in two elections
Faure accused him of trying to dethrone him. Kpatcha, in turn, accused the president of plotting to assassinate him. Faure won the power-struggle, had his half-brother arrested, and sentenced to 20 years in prison. 
But his reputation for ruthlessness is nothing compared to that of his late father. 
As a 28-year-old army sergeant, Eyadema was widely suspected to have fired the shots which killed Togo's first post-independence president. Then, on 13 January 1967, the third anniversary of the assassination, Eyadema himself seized power in a bloodless coup. 
When he died, he held the title of Africa's longest-serving ruler. He had been on the political throne for 38 years. 
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Gabon: 'Kleptocratic regime'

Argentinian soccer player and four-time FIFA Ballon d'Or winner Lionel Messi (C) is given a tour during the start of construction of the Port-Gentil Stadium by the President of Gabon, Ali Bongo Ondimba (R) in the Ntchengue district of Port-Gentil on July 18, 2015.Image copyrightAFP
Image captionGabon's ruler Ali Bongo Ondimba (R) hosted football star Lionel Messi in 2015
Also a former French colony, it has Africa's second oldest political dynasty. A Christian convert to Islam, Omar Bongo took power 11 months after Eyadema, and ruled for nearly 42 years until his death in 2009. 
He left his son Ali Bongo Ondimba, a fortune worth millions of dollars, and the country. He did win an election, although the opposition said it was rigged. 
After France launched a corruption investigation against the family, the president of the oil-rich nation announced in 2015 that he would spend his entire inheritance on development projects, including starting a university and a youth foundation. 
French police investigations identified that Bongo family assets included 39 properties in France, located in affluent areas of Paris and on the French Riviera, as well as nine luxury cars, including Ferraris and Mercedes, worth a total of $1.6m (£1m). 
Rights groups say the Bongos have turned Gabon into a "kleptocratic regime", which loots its natural resources, oil wealth and rainforests - an allegation the family strongly denies. 
In 2015 Argentinean football star Lionel Messi came under heavy criticism for visiting the Central African state. 
He laid the first stone at the construction site of a football stadium for the 2017 Africa Cup of Nations.
Bongo denied giving Messi money to visit Gabon, saying: "When I was in Barcelona a few years ago, I met Messi who had told me that he would come to visit me in Libreville," he said. 
"It's a promise he made me. He is a man of honour who just kept his word."
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Equatorial Guinea: Luxury cars and Michael Jackson gloves

File photo taken on 25 June 2013 shows Teodoro (aka Teodorin) Nguema Obiang, son of Equatorial Guinea president, in Malabo CathedralImage copyrightAFP
Image captionThe president's son, Teodorin Obiang, has been convicted of embezzlement in France
A former Spanish colony, it currently has Africa's longest-serving ruler, Theodoro Obiang Nguema. 
Said to be one of Africa's most brutal leaders, he seized power in 1979 after overthrowing independence leader President Francisco Macias Nguema, his uncle, and having him executed. 
According to campaign group Human Rights Watch, the ''dictatorship under President Obiang has used an oil boom to entrench and enrich itself further at the expense of the country's people''.
The president's 48-year-old son, Teodorin Obiang, is his deputy, putting him in pole position to inherit power.
Known for his flamboyant lifestyle, Teodorin is a fugitive from justice. In October, a French court convicted him in absentia of embezzlement.
It ordered the seizure of his assets in France, including a $29m (£22m) mansion. 
He also boasted 18 luxury cars in France, artworks, jewellery and expensive designer fashions, 
The Paris judge found that the president's son had used his position as agriculture and forestry minister to siphon off payments from timber firms who were exporting from Equatorial Guinea.
In November, Swiss prosecutors seized 11 luxury cars belonging to Mr Obiang junior. They said he had plundered his country's oil wealth to buy luxuries, including a private jet and Michael Jackson memorabilia.
Teodorin denies all allegations of wrongdoing. 
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Uganda: 'Playing God'

Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni gestures during his swearing in ceremony as newly elected President in Kampala on May 12, 2016Image copyrightAFP
Image captionPresident Yoweri Museveni is accused of wanting to be life president
A former British colony, it is ruled by ex-rebel leader Yoweri Museveni. He seized power in 1986, won a fifth term in 2016, may run for a sixth term and could eventually hand power to his son. 
In January, the speculation gained impetus when Mr Museveni promoted Maj Gen Muhoozi Kainerugaba, his eldest son, to become a special presidential adviser in a reshuffle of army commanders.
Having graduated from British Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in 2000, Maj Gen Kainerugaba rose rapidly within the military. Last year, he was promoted from brigadier to major general.
Others believe that Mrs Museveni's wife also harbours presidential ambitions. Having served in government since 2009, she is currently the minister of education and sports in her husband's cabinet. 
For now though, there is a push to give Mr Museveni, 76, another term. 
Uganda's ruling party wants parliament to scrap the presidential age limit of 75, a move that could allow Mr Museveni to stand for re-election in 2021. It has led to ruling and opposition MPs brawling in parliament, as emotions rise over the plan. 
The move has not come as a surprise. In 2013, renegade army General David Sejusa accused Mr Museveni of "playing God" in Uganda.
"The central issue is a political monarchy - a life presidency and then transiting [to] a political monarchy," he said.
"It is a terribly common African story. There is nothing strange about it," the renegade general added at the time. 
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DR Congo: Dynasty replaces an autocrat

Laurent Kabila in 2000Image copyrightAFP
Image captionAfter just four years in power, Laurent Kabila handed power to his son
A former Belgian colony, the Democratic Republic of Congo has been ruled by the Kabila family since 1997, when Laurent Kabila stormed the capital, Kinshasa, with the backing of regional armies, ending the 32-year rule of Mobutu Sese Seko. 
Kabila was assassinated in 2001 by his bodyguards, resulting in the military installing his son, Joseph, as president. 
After serving two elected terms, Joseph was supposed to step down in 2016 as the constitution bars the president from running for a third term. 
However, the electoral commission says it will be ready to hold an election only next year, leaving Mr Kabila in power until then, despite massive opposition protests and international condemnation. 
His sister, Jaynet, and brother, Zoe, are MPs, 
The family has built a huge business empire, with a stake in banks, farms, airline operators, a road builder, hotels, a pharmaceutical supplier, travel agencies, boutiques and nightclubs, according to Bloomberg news agency. 
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South Africa: Divorcees make up 

South African President Jacob Zuma (L), former African Union Chairperson and presidential hopeful Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma (C) and South African Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa (R) dance after the closing session of the South African ruling party African National Congress (ANC) policy conference on July 5, 2017 in Johannesburg, South AfricaImage copyrightAFP
Image captionSouth African President Jacob Zuma (L) is backing his ex-wife, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma (C), over his deputy, Cyril Rampahosa (R)
A beacon of hope in Africa during anti-apartheid icon Nelson Mandela's rule, it could be the next African country to have a dynastic succession, of sorts. 
Its polygamous President Jacob Zuma is campaigning for his ex-wife, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, to succeed him as leader of the governing African National Congress (ANC) at its conference next month, and as president in 2019. 
Ms Dlamini-Zuma deeply resents being described as President Zuma's ex-wife, and has complained about such headlines. 
She insists that she is a politician in her own right who took part in the anti-apartheid struggle, served in various ministerial posts since the advent of democracy in 1994, and became the chairwoman of the African Union (AU) commission before joining the presidential race. 
Her critics say this may well be the case, but Mr Zuma has chosen her as his political heir because she is unlikely to put him - the father of their children - in jail. 
Mr Zuma has been accused of widespread corruption, with the Supreme Court of Appeal ruling that he should be tried on 18 counts of corruption, racketeering, money laundering and bribery - all of which he denies. 
His critics say he also needs his ex-wife in power so that his favourite son from another wife, Duduzane Zuma, is safe from prosecution. 
Critics allege that he is abusing his relationship with his father to win government contracts for himself, and his business partners, the wealthy Gupta family. They all deny the allegations, insisting that they are not corrupt. 
Ms Dlamini-Zuma's main challenger is Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa, a former business tycoon and trade unionist. His supporters are hoping that the Zimbabwean crisis will boost his chances of winning, as ANC members grasp the dangers of a dynastic rule.